Bangalore known as the city of gardens is now called the Silicon Valley of India. But how Bangalore got this name is a story worth sharing.
Bangalore as a city began its life when Lord Kempe Gowda, a feudal lord, named the place “Gandu Bhoomi” or the “Place of Heroes” and in 1537, built three districts protected by a walled fort.
In 1831, the British acquired the Mysore Kingdom and made Bangalore the capital. This is when the city’s infrastructure began to grow and develop. This was the time when city’s makeover was done with the creation of famous parks and gardens, thus the name “City of Gardens”
But at that time nobody knew that Bangalore will become the IT hub of India or we can say the Silicon Valley of India, in reference to the Silicon Valley in California.
What were the reasons of Bangalore’s success?
- Industrial infrastructure
- Engineering education
- Industrial policy.
After Independence, six public sector undertakings were established in the city and also automotive components manufacturer Bosch established its manufacturing facility in the city in 1954.
In 1972, ISRO was established in the city to work along with the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.
In the 1970s , RK Baliga, then MD & chairman of the state public sector undertaking Karnataka State Electronics Corporation, spoke about making Bangalore the Silicon Valley of India and established a 335 acres electronics park. This development laid the foundations for the IT capital.
Perhaps, a far sighted state government ambitious plans gave the right base to the India’s fastest growing IT companies such as Wipro and Infosys to make Bangalore their headquarters.
But the most significant step was the entry of a US hi-tech company Texas Instruments R&D facility in Bangalore in 1984. TI’s presence attracted global IT majors like Intel and IBM in the early 1990s. And in 1992, the DoT set up satellite earth stations for high-speed communication giving a boost to the development of India’s IT Hub.
Today, 871 MNCs have set up R&D centers in India, and out of them 700 are established in Bangalore. In 2006, New York Times published an article, speculating as to whether Bangalore was the next Silicon Valley. Other articles proposed Bangalore might replace the original Silicon Valley, though we are still waiting for this to happen.