How to differentiate between Genuine milk and Synthetic milk?

India is the top producer of milk in the world, a result of the white revolution of IDDB (Indian Dairy Development Board) in the 70’s. However, the paradox here is the fact that India is also the first country where synthetic milk was produced.

Synthetic milk a 15 year old technique with a high degree of adulteration to increase the volume of milk and thereby the profit. Generally it is a mixture of water, pulverized detergent or soap, sodium hydroxide, vegetable oil, salt and urea.

Similar to genuine milk production, the practice of preparing the synthetic milk too starts at the village level. The places notorious for the production of synthetic milk include parts of Rajasthan, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh in India. Slowly but steadily the practice is spreading to other parts of India.

How synthetic milk is produced?

BadMilka68a35e0-751c-4dd0-ade2-63cab3b2f978Vegetable refined oil (any brand) whose butyrorefractometer reading is less than 42 is taken in a wide mouthed container along with a suitable emulsifier and thoroughly mixed so that the entire content is made in to a thick white paste. After this is achieved, water is slowly added to the paste until the density of the liquid is similar to that of milk. Then it is added with urea or sodium sulphate or glucose or maltose or sometimes any one of the commonly available fertilizers is added. These substances are usually dissolved in hot water and then added to the seemingly milk like solution.

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The refined oil in synthetic milk acts as a source of fat where as the hot solution of any one of the substances above mentioned acts as a source of solids not fat (SNF). The ingredients that go in to the making of synthetic milk are calculated in such a way that the fat and SNF percentage is similar to mixed milk. Hence it easily passes the platform tests carried out at the village level dairy co-operative society (fat and lactometer reading etc.) but from the health point of view of the consumers, it is highly dangerous. The taste is highly objectionable.

Harmful effects of synthetic milk?
Synthetic milk is known to have cancerous properties and the presence of urea and caustic soda increase the risk for people suffering from heart ailments and also for pregnant women. Children are the biggest sufferers in this for their body’s immune system get slowly degraded at an early age. Also, the sodium being passed onto the body through this acts as a slow poison. There are many more negative impacts of its usage .

Comparison between genuine and synthetic milk

Differentiating tests

Genuine Milk

Synthetic Milk

Physical tests
Colour White White
Storage On storage, it remains white It turns pale yellow after some time
Texture When rubbed on the palm, it doesn’t form foam When rubbed on the palm, foam formation noticed.
pH 6.6 to 6.8 10 – 11 (Highly alkaline)
Fat 4.5 – 5.0% 4.5 – 5.0%
Solids Not Fat 8 – 9% 8 – 9%
Chemical tests
Heat No change in colour on heating It turns yellow on boiling
Urea test Pale yellow colour develops Dark yellow colour develops
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Do you know that Only 25% of the milk being produced in India is coming from cows and buffaloes, the rest all is coming out of the scientific “jugaad” of our milkman’s [synthetic way ] and Its production and sale is approximately 1.1 crore litre everyday.

According to Food Safety Standards Authority of India FSSAI 70 -100 per cent of the milk has been adulterated with very dangerous adulterants. Milk samples from all over the country were checked for fat (%), SNF (%), neutralizers, acidity, hydrogen peroxide, sugar, starch, glucose, urea, salt, detergents, skimmed milk powder, formalin and vegetable fat. Most of the samples were found to be adulterated.
My question to you is, whether the milk sold by companies like AMUL and MOTHER DAIRY is genuine or synthetic?

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Harsh is a curious writer who loves to explore his surroundings. There are many websites who provide answer to people queries but no single website alone resolves the curiosity of people. Curious Mind Box is an initiative to resolve the curiosities and answer every What, How and Why question that comes into your mind.

5 thoughts on “How to differentiate between Genuine milk and Synthetic milk?

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