Nearly 70 percent of Earth is covered with water but then also we are facing drinking water crisis.Today, nearly 1 billion people in the developing world don’t have access to fresh water. Out of 70 percent of Earth’s water only 2.5 percent of it is fresh.The rest is saline and ocean-based. Even then, just 1 percent of our freshwater is easily accessible, with much of it trapped in glaciers and snowfields. In essence, only 0.007 percent of the planet’s water is available to fuel and feed its 6.8 billion people.
The water you drink today has likely been around in one form or another since dinosaurs roamed the Earth, hundreds of millions of years ago.
While the amount of freshwater on the planet has remained fairly constant over time—continuously recycled through the atmosphere and back into our cups—the population has exploded. This means that every year competition for a clean, copious supply of water for drinking, cooking, bathing, and sustaining life intensifies.
Water scarcity is an abstract concept to many and a stark reality for others. It is the result of myriad environmental, political, economic, and social forces.
Due to geography, climate, engineering, regulation, and competition for resources, some regions seem relatively flush with freshwater, while others face drought and debilitating pollution. In much of the developing world, clean water is either hard to come by or a commodity that requires laborious work or significant currency to obtain.
Yet, we take it for granted, we waste it, and we even pay too much to drink it from little plastic bottles.
We all know Water is life.Wherever they are, people need water to survive. Not only is the human body 60 percent water, the resource is also essential for producing food, clothing, and computers, moving our waste stream, and keeping us and the environment healthy.
Unfortunately, humans have proved to be inefficient water users. (The average hamburger takes 2,400 liters, or 630 gallons, of water to produce, and many water-intensive crops, such as cotton, are grown in arid regions.)
According to the United Nations, water use has grown at more than twice the rate of population increase in the last century. By 2025, an estimated 1.8 billion people will live in areas plagued by water scarcity, with two-thirds of the world’s population living in water-stressed regions as a result of use, growth, and climate change.
Today, all around the world, far too many people spend their entire day searching for water.In places like sub-Saharan Africa, time lost gathering water and suffering from water-borne diseases is limiting people’s true potential.Education is lost to sickness. Economic development is lost while people merely try to survive.
It’s hard for most of us to imagine that clean, safe water is not something that can be taken for granted. But, in the developing world, finding a reliable source of safe water is often time consuming and expensive. This is known as economic scarcity. Water can be found but it requires more resources to do it.
The problem of water scarcity is a growing one. As more people put ever increasing demands on limited supplies, the cost and effort to build or even maintain access to water will increase. And water’s importance to political and social stability will only grow with the crisis.
There are many non profit organizations that help people conserve water and we should also try not to waste water. It is something which is natural and we should not exploit it such that it becomes scarce and extinct like dinosaurs.
Did you know that drinking too much water is harmful for us. For full information you can refer the following link: